Spain is the top producer of celery globally followed closely by California in the US and then Mexico.  Both Spain and California will experience more climate change stress in coming years, meaning more risk to celery production. Scientists have demonstrated that when grown under higher CO2 levels, as expected in the future, celery yields doubled and plants have higher levels of vitamin C and total antioxidant capacity.  Growing celery requires considerable water, 9-24 inches annually. However, advances in modeling crop specific irrigation needs, including the use of non-potable water, may help with water management for celery and other crops under a changing climate. 
 “Vegetables; Celery (Other than Celeriac), Fresh or Chilled Exports by Country |2018,” accessed August 2, 2021, https://wits.worldbank.org/trade/comtrade/en/country/ALL/year/2018/tradeflow/Exports/partner/WLD/product/070940.
 Mehdi Benyoussef Bisbis, Nazim Gruda, and Michael Blanke, “Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Vegetable Production and Product Quality – A Review,” Journal of Cleaner Production 170 (January 1, 2018): 1602–20, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.224.
 Christoph Schwaller et al., “Estimating the Agricultural Irrigation Demand for Planning of Non-Potable Water Reuse Projects,” Agricultural Water Management 244 (February 1, 2021): 106529, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106529.
Yields of major staple crops like wheat and rice are being hurt by increasing temperatures. Wine grape production is moving to cooler climes causing changes in the character of some of our favorites. The flavors and health benefits of teas, the size of potatoes, the sting of a hot pepper, where fish call home in the oceans, and a future decline in protein in vegetables—it’s all changing.
Our food database shows the ingredients affected by a changing climate.
To learn what farmers, scientists, and many others are doing to keep the menu stocked, see Stewardship of the Land and Our Changing Menu: Climate Change and the Foods We Love and Need. You have a role, too!
If the webpage is having display problems, try emptying your browser's cache.
This food ingredient database is in its early phase and we will strive to expand it on an ongoing basis so that everyone is aware of how climate change is affecting the foods we love and need.